Cunningham, W. A. & Koscik, T. R. (2017). Balancing Type I and Type II error concerns in fMRI through compartmentalized analysis. Cognitive Neuroscience.

Dutra, S. J*., Man, V.*, Kober, H., Cunningham, W. A., & Gruber, J. (2017). Disrupted cortico-limbic connectivity during reward processing in remitted bipolar I disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 19(8), 661-675. *authors contributed equally.

Golubickis, M., Falben, J. K., Sahraie, A., Visokomogilski, A., Cunningham, W. A., Sui, J., & Macrae, C. N. (2017). Self-prioritization and perceptual matching: The effects of temporal construal. Memory & Cognition, 45(7), 1223-1239.

Arbuckle, N. & Cunningham, W. A. (2012). Understanding everyday psychopathy: Shared group identity leads to increased concern for others amongst undergraduates higher in psychopathy. Social Cognition, 5, 564–583.

Cunningham, W. A. & Brosch, T. (2012). Motivational salience: Amygdala tuning from traits, needs, values, and goals. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 54–59.

Cunningham, W. A. & Kirkland, T. (2012). Emotion, cognition, and the classical elements of mind. Emotion Review 4, 369–370.

Cunningham, W. A., Van Bavel, J. J., Arbuckle, N. L., Packer, D. J., & Waggoner, A. S. (2012). Rapid social perception is flexible: Approach and avoidance motivational states shape P100 responses to other– race faces. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 1–7.

Gruber, J., Cunningham, W. A., Kirkland, T., & Hay, A. C. (2012). Feeling stuck in the present? Mania proneness and history associated with present-oriented time perspective. Emotion, 12, 13– 17.

Kirkland, T. & Cunningham, W. A. (2012). Mapping Emotions through Time: How Affective Trajectories Inform the Language of Emotion. Emotion, 12, 268–282.

Martens, M.A., Hasinski, A.E., Andridge, R.R., & Cunningham, W.A. (2012). Continuous cognitive dynamics of the evaluation of trustworthiness in Williams syndrome. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(160), 1–9.

Todd, R. M., Cunningham, W. A., Anderson, A. K., & Thompson, E. (2012). Affect-biased attention as emotion regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16, 365–372.

Van Bavel, J. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2012). A social identity approach to person memory: Group membership, collective identification, and social role shape attention and memory. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(12), 1566–1578.

Van Bavel, J.J., Packer, D. J., Haas, I.J., & Cunningham, W.A. (2012). The importance of moral construal: moral versus non-moral construal elicits faster, more extreme, universal evaluations of the same actions. PLoS ONE, 7, 1–14.

Van Bavel, J. J., Swencionis, J. K., O’Connor, R. C., & Cunningham, W. A. (2012). Motivated social memory: Belonging needs moderate the own-group bias in face recognition. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 707–713.

Van Bavel, J. J., Xiao, Y. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2012). Evaluation is a dynamic process: Moving beyond dual system models. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 6, 438–454.


Cunningham, W. A., Haas, I. J., & Jahn, A. (2011). Attitudes. In J. Decety & J. T. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience, 212–226. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Cunningham, W. A., Johnsen, I. R., & Waggoner, A. S. (2011). Orbitofrontal cortex provides cross-modal valuation of self–‐generated stimuli. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 286– 293.

Kesek, A., Cunningham, W. A., Packer, D. J., & Zelazo, P. D. (2011). Indirect goal priming is more powerful than explicit instruction in children. Developmental Science, 14, 944–948.

Kirkland, T. & Cunningham, W. A. (2011). The neural basis of affect and emotion. WIRES: Cognitive Science, 2, 656–665.

Mowrer, S. M., Jahn, A. A., Abduljalil, A., & Cunningham, W. A. (2011). The value of success: Acquiring gains, avoiding losses, and simply being successful. PLoS One, 6, 1–8.

Packer, D. J., Kesek, A., & Cunningham, W. A. (2011). Self-regulation and evaluative processing. In A. Todorov, S. Fiske, & D. Prentice (Eds.), Social neuroscience: Toward understanding the underpinnings of the social mind, 147–159. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Van Bavel, J. J., Packer, D. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2011). Modulation of the Fusiform Face Area following minimal exposure to motivationally relevant faces: Evidence of in-group enhancement (not out-group disregard). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 3343–3354.


Cunningham, W. A. (2010). In defense of brain mapping in social and affective neuroscience. Social Cognition, 28, 716–721.

Cunningham, W. A., Arbuckle, N. L., Jahn, A., Mowrer, S. M., & Abduljalil, A.M. (2010). Aspects of neuroticism and the amygdala: Chronic tuning from motivational styles. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3399–3404.

Gawronski, B., Cunningham, W. A., LeBel, E. P., & Deutsch, R. (2010). Attentional influences on affective priming: Does categorization (always) influence spontaneous evaluation? Cognition and Emotion, 24, 1008–1025.

Kanayet, F., Opfer, J. E., & Cunningham, W. A. (2010). Electrophysiological evidence for multiple representations of number in the human brain. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the XXXII Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1234–1239. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Van Bavel, J. J. & Cunningham, W. A. (2010). A social neuroscience approach to self and social categorization: A New Look at an old issue. European Review of Social Psychology, 21, 237–284.


Cunningham, W. A., Kesek, A., Mowrer, S. M. (2009). Distinct orbitofrontal regions encode stimulus and choice valuation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 10, 1956–966.

Cunningham, W. A. & Van Bavel, J. J. (2009). A neural analysis of intergroup perception and evaluation. In J. T. Cacioppo & G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of neuroscience for the behavioral sciences, 975–984. New York: Wiley.

Cunningham, W. A., & Van Bavel, J. J. (2009). Varieties of emotional experience: Differences in object or computation? Emotion Review, 1, 56–57.

Cunningham, W. A., & Zelazo, P. D. (2009). The development of iterative reprocessing: Implications for affect and its regulation. In P. D. Zelazo, M. Chandler, & E. Crone (Eds.), Developmental social cognitive neuroscience, 81–98. New York: Taylor and Francis.

Lieberman, M.,D. & Cunningham, W. A. (2009). Type I and Type II error concerns in fMRI research: Re-balancing the scale. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 4, 423–42.

Packer, D. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2009). Neural correlates of reflection on goal states: The role of regulatory focus and temporal distance. Social Neuroscience, 4, 412–425.

Van Bavel, J. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2009). A social neuroscience approach to intergroup perception and evaluation. In W. P. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of consciousness, 379–388. New York: Academic Press.

Van Bavel, J. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2009). Self-categorization with a novel mixed-race group moderates automatic social and racial biases. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 321–335.


Beer, J. S., Stallen, M., Lombardo, M. V., Gonsalkorale, K., Cunningham, W. A., & Sherman, J. W. (2008). The Quadruple Process model approach to examining the neural underpinnings of prejudice. NeuroImage, 43, 775–783.

Cunningham, W. A., Packer, D. J., Kesek, A., & Van Bavel, J. J. (2008). Implicit measurement of attitudes: A physiological approach. In R. E. Petty, R. H. Fazio, & P. Brinol (Eds.), Attitudes: Insights from the new implicit measures (pp. 485–512). New York: Psychology Press.

Cunningham, W. A., Van Bavel, J. J., & Johnsen, I. R. (2008). Affective flexibility: Evaluative processing goals shape amygdala activity. Psychological Science, 19, 152–160.

Van Bavel, J. J., Packer, D. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2008). The neural substrates of in-group bias: A functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation. Psychological Science, 19, 1131– 1139.


Cunningham, W. A., Zelazo, P. D., Packer, D. J., & Van Bavel, J. J. (2007). The iterative reprocessing model: A multilevel framework for attitudes and evaluation. Social Cognition, 25, 736–760.

Cunningham, W.A., & Zelazo, P.D. (2007). Attitudes and evaluations: A social cognitive neuroscience perspective. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 97–104.

Cunningham, W. A., & Johnson, M. K. (2007). Attitudes and evaluation: Toward a component process framework. In E. Harmon-Jones & P. Winkielman (Eds.), Social neuroscience: Integrating biological and psychological explanations of social behavior, 227–245. New York: Guilford Press.

Touryan, S. R., Johnson, M. K., Mitchell, K. J., Farb, N., Cunningham, W. A., & Raye, C. L. (2007). The influence of self-regulatory focus on encoding of, and memory for, emotional words. Social Neuroscience, 2, 14–27.

Zelazo, P. D., & Cunningham, W. (2007). Executive function: Mechanisms underlying emotion regulation. In J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 135–158). New York: Guilford.


Cunningham, W. A., & Derks, P. (2005). Humor appreciation and latency of comprehension. Humor, 18, 389–403.

Cunningham, W. A., Espinet, S. D., DeYoung, C. G., & Zelazo, P. D. (2005). Attitudes to the right – and left: Frontal ERP asymmetries associated with stimulus valence and processing goals. NeuroImage, 28, 827–834.

Cunningham, W. A., Raye, C. L., & Johnson, M. K. (2005). Neural correlates of evaluation associated with promotion and prevention regulatory focus. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 5, 202–211.

Johnson, M. K., Raye, C. L., Mitchell, K. J., Greene, E. J., Cunningham, W. A., & Sanislow, C. A. (2005). Using fMRI to investigate a component process of reflection: Prefrontal correlates of refreshing a just activated representation. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 5, 339–361.


Cunningham, W. A., Raye, C. L., & Johnson, M. K. (2004). Implicit and explicit evaluation: fMRI correlates of valence, emotional intensity, and control in the processing of attitudes. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1717–1729.

Cunningham, W. A., Johnson, M. K., Raye, C. L., Gatenby, J. C., Gore, J. C., & Banaji, M. R. (2004). Separable neural components in the processing of Black and White Faces. Psychological Science, 15, 806–813.

Cunningham, W. A., Nezlek, J. B., & Banaji, M. R. (2004). Implicit and explicit ethnocentrism: Revisiting the ideologies of prejudice. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 1332–1346.


Cunningham, W. A., Johnson, M. K., Gatenby, J. C., Gore, J. C., & Banaji, M. R. (2003). Neural components of social evaluation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 639–649.

Phelps, E. A., Cannistraci, C. J., & Cunningham, W. A. (2003). Intact performance on an indirect measure of race bias following amygdala damage. Neuropsychologia, 41, 203–208.


Little, T. D., Cunningham, W. A., Shahar, G., & Widaman, K. F. (2002) To parcel or not to parcel: Exploring the question and weighing the merits. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 151– 173.


Cunningham, W. A., Preacher, K. J., & Banaji, M. R. (2001). Implicit attitude measures: Consistency, stability, and convergent validity. Psychological Science, 12, 163–170.


Phelps, E. A., O’Connor, K. J., Cunningham, W. A., Funayama, E. S., Gatenby, J. C., Gore, J. C., & Banaji, M. R. (2000). Performance on indirect measures of race evaluation predicts amygdala activation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 729–738.